High Blood Pressure Drugs and How They Work

For most people, medication is a major part of the plan to lower their blood pressure. These drugs, also called “anti-hypertensive” medicine, won’t cure high blood pressure. But they can help bring it back down to a normal range.

Which medicine you should take depends on things like:

  • How high your blood pressure is
  • What’s causing it
  • How your body responds to the drugs
  • Other health problems you have

Many people need more than one type of medication to control their high blood pressure. It may take some time working with your doctor to find the drugs and doses that work best for you.


These are often called “water pills.” They’re usually the first type of high blood pressure medicine that your doctor will try.

They help your kidneys take salt and water out of your body. Because you have less total fluid in your blood vessels, like a garden hose that’s not turned on all the way, the pressure inside will be lower.

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