How is lung cancer treated?

Sometimes lung cancer treatments are used to try to cure the cancer. Other times, treatments are used to stop the cancer from spreading and to relieve symptoms. Your specific treatment will depend on: The type of lung cancer Where the cancer is and if it has spread to other parts of the body Your age…

How do I find out if I have lung cancer?

Usually there are no warning signs of early lung cancer. By the time most people with lung cancer have symptoms, the cancer has become more serious. Symptoms of lung cancer may include: A cough that doesn’t go away or gets worse Breathing trouble, like shortness of breath Coughing up blood Chest pain Hoarseness or wheezing…

What types of lung disease are most common in women?

Three of the most common lung diseases in women are asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and lung cancer. Asthma Asthma is a chronic (ongoing) disease of the airways in the lungs called bronchial tubes. Bronchial tubes carry air into and out of the lungs. In people with asthma, the walls of these airways become…

What causes lung disease?

Experts don’t know the causes of all types of lung disease, but they do know the causes of some. These include: Smoking. Smoke from cigarettes, cigars, and pipes is the number one cause of lung disease. Don’t start smoking, or quit if you already smoke. If you live or work with a smoker, avoid secondhand smoke….

Types of Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD)

Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a broad group of lung diseases comprising of more than a hundred distinct disorders. All of these involve scarring or inflammation of the interstitial lung tissue and affect the volume of oxygen that can reach the bloodstream via the respiratory system. They can be classified into different types, according to…

Lung Diseases Affecting the Airways

The trachea (windpipe) branches into tubes called bronchi, which in turn branch to become progressively smaller tubes throughout the lungs. Diseases that affect the airways include:

Lung Diseases Affecting the Chest Wall

The chest wall also plays an important role in breathing. Muscles connect the ribs to each other, helping the chest to expand. The diaphragm descends with each breath in, also causing chest expansion. Obesity hypoventilation syndrome: Extra weight on the chest and abdomen makes it difficult for the chest to expand. Serious breathing problems can result. Neuromuscular disorders: Poor function in the…

Lung Diseases Affecting the Pleura

The pleura is a thin lining that surrounds the lung and lines the inside of the chest wall. A tiny layer of fluid allows the pleura on the lung’s surface to slide along the chest wall with each breath. Lung diseases of the pleura include: Pleural effusion: Fluid collects in the normally tiny pleura space…

Lung Diseases Affecting Blood Vessels

The right side of the heart receives low-oxygen blood from the veins. It pumps blood into the lungs through the pulmonary arteries. These blood vessels can suffer from disease, as well. Pulmonary embolism (PE): A blood clot(usually in a deep leg vein, deep vein thrombosis) breaks off, travels to the heart, and is pumped into the lungs. The clot lodges in a…

Lung Diseases Affecting the Interstitium

The interstitium is the microscopically thin, delicate lining between the lungs’ air sacs (alveoli). Tiny blood vessels run through the interstitium and allow gas exchange between the alveoli and the blood. Various lung diseases affect the interstitium: Interstitial lung disease (ILD): A broad collection of lung conditions affecting the interstitium. Sarcoidosis, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, and autoimmune disease are among the…